ADVERB OF DEGREE

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USAGE OF “TOO”

.”Too” is always an adverb, but it has two distinct meanings, each with its own usage patterns

TOO MEANING “ALSO”
.Too as an adverb meaning “also” goes at the end of the phrase it modifies

EXAMPLES

.I would like to go swimming too, if you will let me come

?Can I go to the zoo too

?Is this gift for me too

!I’m not going to clean your room too

TOO MEANING “EXCESSIVELY”

Too as an adverb meaning “excessively” goes before the adjective or adverb it modifies. It can be used in both affirmative and negative sentences

EXAMPLES

.This coffee is too hot

.He works too hard

?Isn’t she too young

!I am not too short

.Too is often followed by “to” + the infinitive

EXAMPLES

.The coffee was too hot to drink

!You’re too young to have grandchildren

.I am not too tired to go out tonight

?Don’t you work too hard to have any free time

.Too can also be followed by “for someone” or “for something”

EXAMPLES

.The coffee was too hot for me

.The dress was too small for her

.He’s not too old for this job

.Sally’s not too slow for our team

USAGE OF “VERY”

.Very goes before an adverb or adjective to make it stronger

EXAMPLES

.The girl was very beautiful

.The house is very expensive

.He worked very quickly

.She runs very fast

If we want to make a negative form of an adjective or adverb, we can add “not” to the verb, we can use an adjective or adverb of opposite meaning, or we can use “not very” with the original adjective or adverb. The meanings of the phrases are not identical. Usually the phrase using “not very” is less direct, and thus more polite, than the other phrases

EXAMPLES

Opposite meaning with an opposite word “Opposite meaning with “not very Opposite meaning with “not” Original phrase

.The girl was ugly

.He worked slowly

.The girl was not very beautiful

.He did not work very quickly

.The girl was not beautiful

.He did not work quickly

.The girl was beautiful

He worked quickly

DIFFERENCE IN MEANING BETWEEN “VERY” AND “TOO”

.Some common adverbs are used in the same way as “very” to heighten the degree of adjectives and adverbs

Expressing somewhat doubtful feelings Expressing strong feelings Expressing very strong feelings
pretty, rather, fairly, not especially, not particularly especially, particularly, uncommonly, unusually, remarkably, quite extremely, terribly, amazingly, wonderfully, insanely

.The movie was fairly interesting

.She sang pretty  well 

.The lecture was rather boring

.The movie was particularly interesting

.she sangs unusually well

.The lecture was quite boring

.The movie was amazingly interesting

She sang wonderfully well.

.The lecture was terribly boring

INVERSION WITH NEGATIVE ADVERBS

Normally the subject goes before the verb, however, some negative adverbs can cause an inversion when placed at the beginning of the clause. The order is reversed and the verb goes before the subject. This inversion is only used in writing, not in speaking

Inversion Normal word order Adverb

.Never have I seen such courage

.Rarely did she leave the house

ot only did she do the cooking, but the cleaning as well

Scarcely did I close the door before he started talking

.Seldom do we cross the river sunset

.I have never seen such courage

.She rarely left the house

.She did not only the cooking but the cleaning as well

.I scarcely closed the door before he started talking

.We seldom cross the river after sunset

Never

Rarely

Not only

Scarcely

Seldom

موسسه فرهنگی و هنری پیام پرسا برگزار کننده دوره های تخصصی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی (تافل، آیلتس، تولیمو، GRE و …) و دوره های تخصصی مدیریت، جهانگردی و ترجمه

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(1)ADVERBS  OF DEGREE